All Men are
- Agreeing in quantity, size,
quality, degree, value, etc.; having the same magnitude, the same value, the
same degree, etc.
- Bearing a suitable relation;
of just proportion; having competent power, abilities, or means; adequate.
- Not variable; equable;
- Evenly balanced; not unduly
inclining to either side; characterized by fairness; unbiased; impartial;
- Of the same interest or
- One not inferior or superior
to another; one having the same or a similar age, rank, station, office,
talents, strength, or other quality or condition.
9 - No Title of
Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person
holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the
Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office,
or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign
I, Section - No State
shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant
Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit;
make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of
Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law
impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of
1 - All persons
born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of
the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce
any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any
person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of
law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal
protection of the laws. (Note:
Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by
section 2 of the 14th amendment.)
IV, Section 1 - Full Faith and Credit shall be
given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial
Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general
Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and
Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
IV, Section 2 - The Citizens of each State shall
be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the
- No Person
held to Service or Labor in one State, under the Laws thereof,
escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or
Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labor,
but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such
Service or Labor may be due.
1 - Neither
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for
crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall
exist within the United States, or any place subject to their
2 - Congress
shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
XV, Section 1 -
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be
denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account
of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
XIX - The right
of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or
abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
of Confederation IV
- The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and
intercourse among the people of the different States in this Union,
the free inhabitants of each of these States, paupers, vagabonds,
and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all
privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several States;
and the people of each State shall free ingress and regress to and
from any other State, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of
trade and commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions, and
restrictions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that
such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the removal
of property imported into any State, to any other State, of which
the owner is an inhabitant; provided also that no imposition, duties
or restriction shall be laid by any State, on the property of the
United States, or either of them.
- Introduction and
- One hundred and fifty
years ago, Americans who had gathered to protest the expansion of
slavery gave birth to a political Party that would save the Union Ė
the Republican Party.
- Every day, we strive to
fulfill Lincolnís vision: a country united and free, in which all
people are guaranteed equal rights and the opportunity to pursue their
Winning the War on
- The Broader Middle
East and North Africa
- We are pleased
that the momentum of freedom in the Middle East is beginning to
benefit women. In Afghanistan, women are preparing to vote in free
elections, having participated in the drafting of a new constitution
and taken on key responsibilities in a liberated nation.
new constitution affords equal rights to all Afghan citizens, and
Afghan women are now being integrated into the economic, social, and
political life of their liberated country.
- In Iraq, the
systematic use of rape by Saddam Hussein's regime to dishonor
families has ended, and the country's interim constitution
guarantees all Iraqis the right to vote and makes it illegal to
discriminate on the basis of gender, ethnicity, or religion.
- Building an Innovative,
Globally Competitive Economy
- Health Information
- Advances at the
nexus of science and technology raise serious moral and legal
questions. For example, although medical conditions have been linked
to certain genetic markers, there is no certainty that many of these
diseases will actually develop. There is growing concern that
employers and insurance companies will use genetic information to
discriminate by denying jobs or insurance coverage to individuals
who have predictive genetic markers for certain diseases. We support
efforts to enact genetic discrimination legislation that is fair,
reasonable, and consistent with existing laws to prevent
- Ensuring Equal
- Our nation is a
land of opportunity for all, and our communities must represent the
ideal of equality and justice for every citizen. The Republican
Party favors aggressive, proactive measures to ensure that no
individual is discriminated against on the basis of race, national
origin, gender, or other characteristics covered by our civil rights
laws. We also favor recruitment and outreach policies that cast the
widest possible net so that the best qualified individuals are
encouraged to apply for jobs, contracts, and university admissions.
We believe in the principle of affirmative access - taking steps to
ensure that disadvantaged individuals of all colors and ethnic
backgrounds have the opportunity to compete economically and that no
child is left behind educationally. We support a reasonable approach
to Title IX that seeks to expand opportunities for women without
adversely affecting men's athletics. We praise President Bush for
his strong record on civil rights enforcement, and for becoming the
first President ever to ban racial profiling by the federal
government. Finally, because we are opposed to discrimination, we
reject preferences, quotas, and set-asides based on skin color,
ethnicity, or gender, which perpetuate divisions and can lead people
to question the accomplishments of successful minorities and women.
- Removing Barriers
for Americans with Disabilities
- We support the
New Freedom Initiative, President Bush's plan for fully integrating
Americans with disabilities into all aspects of American life. The
New Freedom Initiative is helping Americans with disabilities by
increasing access to assistive technologies, expanding educational
opportunities, increasing the ability of Americans with disabilities
to integrate into the workforce, and promoting increased access into
daily community life. These are strong efforts to help Americans
with disabilities lead independent, fulfilling lives. We applaud the
President and Congress for increasing funding for the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which requires that eligible
students with disabilities be provided a free, appropriate public
education. We also endorse efforts to protect children and their
parents from being coerced into administering a controlled substance
in order to attend school.
- Native Americans
- The federal
government has a special responsibility, ethical and legal, to make
the American dream accessible to Native Americans.
- While many
tribes have become energetic participants in the mainstream of
American life, the serious social ills afflicting some reservations
have been worsened by decades of mismanagement from Washington. In
its place, we offer these guiding principles:
governments are best situated to gauge the needs of their
communities and members.
self-determination and economic self-sufficiency are twin
pillars of an effective Indian policy.
sector initiatives, rather than public assistance, can best
improve material conditions in Indian communities.
- High taxes
and unreasonable regulations stifle new and expanded businesses
and thwart the creation of job opportunities and prosperity.
- We will continue
to work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs to make the tribal
recognition process more transparent. We will strengthen Native
American self-determination by respecting tribal sovereignty,
encouraging economic development on Native lands, and working with
them to reorganize the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Indian
- We uphold the
unique government-to-government relationship between the tribes and
the United States and honor our nation's trust obligations to them.
We support efforts to ensure equitable participation in federal
programs by Native Americans, Native Alaskans, and Native Hawaiians
and to preserve their cultures and languages.
- Americans In The
- We welcome
greater participation in all aspects of the political process by
Americans residing in Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the
Northern Marianas, and Puerto Rico. Since no single approach can
meet the needs of those diverse communities, we emphasize respect
for their wishes regarding their relationship to the rest of the
Union. We affirm their right to seek the full extension of the
Constitution, with all the rights and responsibilities it entails.
Republican Equality Values
- We Strive to
Fulfill Lincolnís Vision: a Country United and Free, in Which All
People are Guaranteed Equal Rights and the Opportunity to Pursue
- We are Opposed to
Discrimination in the Form of Government Directed/Sponsored
Preferences, Quotas, and Set-asides Based On Factors that Otherwise
Would be Illegal to Discriminate Against
- Reasonable Accommodations
for People with Disabilities Instead of Unreasonable Government
Regulations Regardless of Impact
Discrimination Should be Illegal as Well
Administrative Policy Initiatives
Republican Sponsored Legislature
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